Fun Olympics | Can swimming build 8 abdominal muscles? Brother Africa tells you the answer.

  CCTV News:In the men’s swimming field of Rio Olympic Games, we are used to this painting style:

  Eight-pack ABS and a faint mermaid line … … 

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  No one can resist the power of the perfect figure.

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Australian star McEvoy

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Phelps of Rio 2016 Olympic Games

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"Youth Invincible Edition" of Philippine Fish and Rochet are poisonous after watching … …

  However, in the 100-meter freestyle preliminaries, a "belly brother" broke this style of painting.

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  His name is Robel Kiros Habte, and he is 24 years old and comes from Ethiopia.

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Yes, 24 years old!

  According to official data, gabit is 1.76 meters tall and weighs 81 kilograms.

  This height and weight are really grounded. Many netizens said: "I feel that I can compete."

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Like us, he only has one abdominal muscle.

  Gabit took part in the men’s 100m freestyle.

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Take off and take off without falling in the wind ~

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Then, file out gracefully ~

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However … … Swim a little slow … …

  Gabit finished the race almost half a pool behind others in the preliminaries … … The score was 1 minute 04.95 seconds, and he was the only player who took more than 1 minute, ranking 59 th overall.

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  However, when he reached the finish line, he got the warmest applause from the audience.

  Gabit told reporters that this is his first time to participate in the Olympic Games, and he had never even seen a 50-meter regular competition swimming pool before the competition. He was very happy to be here. He said that his personal best time was 59.08 seconds. Although he didn’t play well this time, he really tried his best in this field.

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  "I am the only professional swimmer in our country. This is not surprising, because Ethiopia is a traditional long-distance running power, and people just want to be a long-distance runner. But I have a soft spot for swimming. What I always thought was to be different from others. "

  It doesn’t matter where my destination is, what matters is that I’m here!

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In the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, Eric Sabani of Equatorial Guinea competed.

  History is always strikingly similar. The appearance of gabit made Xiao Bian suddenly think of another athlete from Africa, Eric MSabani of Equatorial Guinea. He also participated in the 100-meter freestyle preliminaries at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, and finally he finished the race with a time of 1 minute 52.72 seconds, just like gabit’s experience. Unlike gabit, Tim Sabani is not a professional swimmer. He only started swimming nine months before the Sydney Olympic Games.

  How did you get into the Olympic Games with such a bloated figure?

  Gabit’s Olympic spirit is praiseworthy, but many netizens may ask, "Why did he qualify for the Rio Olympic Games? How did he get in when he swam so slowly? "

  Because of the "wild card". Every session of the International Olympic Committee will issue "wild card" players to countries with underdeveloped sports. The quota system is determined to ensure that some countries can be represented in some backward projects and show the spirit of modern Olympics. These players obviously don’t have the strength to compete for gold and silver at all, but every year their persistence and love for the project touched a group of audiences.

  So, as long as you finish the game, you are good!

Blizzard in March Peach blossom snow, thunder and snow, hot search in Henan when it snows, and the snow is as thick as a quilt. Is this normal?

Since last evening, the temperature in Hangzhou has turned straight down.

At 15 o’clock yesterday, the temperature in Hangzhou was 26.1℃, and at 23 o’clock in the evening, the temperature was only 12.2℃. In just 8 hours, the temperature dropped by nearly 14℃. Today, the lowest temperature in Hangzhou is 11℃. The temperature during the whole day seems to have no heartbeat, and there is almost no fluctuation. By 14 o’clock, the temperature in Hangzhou is only 11.4℃.

Just when Hangzhou people "spit" spring is like the four seasons, many friends said:Not only is the four seasons in Hangzhou chaotic, but it snows heavily in Henan!

With the cold air heading south, rain and snow occurred in parts of Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hubei and other places this morning, and snowfall mainly occurred in southeastern Shaanxi, southwestern Shanxi and western Henan.

This morning, heavy snow fell in Luoyang, Henan, and "Snow in Henan" once rushed to the top of the hot search. In the afternoon, snowflakes floated in Zhengzhou, the provincial capital.

From this morning to this afternoon, the snowfall (turning into water) in Luanchuan, western Henan Province has exceeded 20 mm, reaching the level of heavy snowstorm. The local meteorological observatory has issued a yellow warning signal of snowstorm red warning signal and road icing. The snow is as thick as a quilt, and it is 18 cm at 14: 00, which is rare in March. The local snow record in March is 20 cm (March-April, 1992).

Henan Meteorology said: Under the combined influence of cold air and strong southerly warm and humid airflow, the temperature in many places in Henan plummeted today, and there was a large range of rain and snow. In the morning, Henan Meteorological Observatory issued a yellow warning of road icing and a blue warning of blizzard.During the day today, some counties and cities in the central and western regions experienced moderate to heavy rain and snow and local snowstorms. As of 16: 00 today, the snowfall in Xin ‘an, Luoyang reached 34.8 mm.

Snow in March is also called "Peach Blossom Snow"When the peach blossoms are in full bloom, the wind blows the petals like snow, and later people call the snowflakes falling with the peach blossoms peach blossom snow.

You know, a week ago, Zhengzhou experienced the "summer" in advance, and the highest temperature exceeded 30℃. A week later, it began to "peach blossom snow" in March, which was really a random crossing of the four seasons.

In addition, from today’s weather phenomenon and lightning monitoring, some areas in Henan province have experienced thunder and snow.

Many netizens feel quite puzzled.It’s March, and it snows at this time, and it can also thunder and snow. Is it abnormal?

According to the analysis of China Weather Network,At this time, it is in the season of alternating cold and warm, and it is normal to snow. In previous years, it snowed in April.Snowfall is mainly caused by the combined influence of warm and humid airflow in the south and the cold air infiltrating from the lower level to the south, and some areas are also caused by topography. For example, in mountainous areas with higher altitude, the temperature is lower, which is prone to snowfall.

As the cold air moves south, rain and snow will also change in some areas, and the snowfall area will spread further south. For example, in Mianchi, Henan Province, it rained from about 5 am today, and it snowed from around 6 am to 10 am. The accumulated snowfall has reached 9 mm.

The phenomenon of "thunder and snow" has also happened in many places.When it snows, because the strong warm and humid airflow meets the strong cold air, the warm and humid air is forced to rise, resulting in strong convection, which creates conditions for the formation of lightning, and the phenomenon of "thunder hitting snow" appears.

Some people say, "It snows in have no martial ethics only after the flowers bloom", while others care.: I wonder if crops will have an impact?

Henan Meteorology said that due to the lack of precipitation in Henan Province in the early stage, the proportion of 0 ~ 10 cm short of moisture monitoring stations reached 55% (note: moisture is an important monitoring indicator of drought, mainly reflecting the situation of soil water content), and the forest fire risk rating was also high.This rain and snow process is very beneficial to improving soil moisture, ensuring wheat growth and reducing forest fire danger.It is expected that the rain and snow will gradually stop in most areas in the middle of the night today, but the cold in spring is still there. In the morning after tomorrow, the temperature in Henan Province will be around 0-5℃, and there will be heavy fog in many places.

Orange persimmon interactive reporter Sun Wei

(Source: Orange Persimmon Interaction)

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Fireworks Show Held in Guangzhou 400,000 Citizens Watch in the Rain [Photos]

Topic: Spring Festival 2009


Fireworks make Pazhou Convention and Exhibition Center more splendid.



Fireworks reflected the whole White Swan Pond River.


  Flowers put thousands of trees, and stars fall like rain. On the first night of New Year’s Day, by the Pearl River, a grand fireworks show lit up the night sky in Yangcheng and people’s faces. This year’s New Year Fireworks Gala in Guangzhou set off a total of 200,000 fireworks, sending warm wishes to the citizens. Members of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and Wang Yang, secretary of Guangdong Provincial Party Committee, and Zhu Xiaodan, member of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee and secretary of Guangzhou Municipal Party Committee, were at the edge of White Swan Pond, enjoying with the citizens.


  Last night, from 8: 30 to 9: 00, fireworks were lit at the same time at two discharge points on the river surface of White Swan Pond River and Pazhou Exhibition Hall. This year’s Guangzhou Fireworks Gala is divided into four movements: "Five Blessingg Golden Bull He Xinchun", "Splendid Flower City Full of Spring", "Vibrant Guangzhou Welcomes the Asian Games" and "Harmonious Prosperity and Prosperity". The creative design closely follows the theme of the Spring Festival, reflecting the fervent feelings of Guangzhou citizens in celebrating the 2009 Spring Festival, celebrating the 60th birthday of the motherland and looking forward to the 2010 Asian Games.


  The fireworks set off this year are novel and unique. Many fireworks displays that surprised the world at the opening and closing ceremonies of the Beijing Olympic Games gathered in Guangzhou yesterday, running through the whole party.


  In order to allow more citizens to watch the fireworks display at close range, Guangzhou set up two discharge points for the first time this year. White Swan Pond Riverside Exhibition Hall and Pazhou Exhibition Hall have the same content for the two discharges on the river surface, and the discharge time is 30 minutes. According to statistics, nearly 400,000 citizens went to the two discharge points to watch it last night.


  The public marveled that this year’s fireworks were "innovative"


  Flowers put thousands of trees, and stars fall like rain. On the first night of the first lunar month, by the Pearl River, a grand fireworks lit up the night sky in Yangcheng and people’s faces. Last night, a total of 200,000 fireworks were set off at the fireworks show in Guangzhou, sending warm wishes to the citizens.


  In the beautiful White Swan Pond fireworks display area, six 600-ton cargo ships are used as the display platform, and six high-altitude fireworks display points, 12 hollow art fireworks display points and low-altitude stunt fireworks display points are set up, with the fireworks screen reaching 1,500 square meters. Tens of thousands of fireworks are fired in unison, like huge waves, with a surge of spring tides and a magnificent momentum of passion.


  This year’s fireworks are novel and unique. Special effects fireworks "Orange Flash", mid-low altitude artistic modeling fireworks "Dove of Peace", "Flash Golden Bridge", "Rainbow Bridge", "Open the door to see happiness", high altitude fireworks "Kapok Blossom", "Thunderbolt Golden Crown", "Colorful Five Rings" and "Xiangyun" made new appearances. The unique effect of "three-dimensional fireworks" makes people sigh at the wonder of fireworks, and the "big flash" that suddenly disappears runs through the whole fireworks level. At the opening and closing ceremonies of the Beijing Olympic Games, new ideas ran through the fireworks show yesterday, and the audience at the scene said that this year’s fireworks were "innovative".


  It began to drizzle in Guangzhou yesterday afternoon, but the cold rain did not seem to affect the public’s enthusiasm for watching the New Year fireworks show. At 6 o’clock last night, many citizens braved the drizzle and gathered on the banks of the Pearl River in Pazhou. Many citizens said that Pazhou area is very suitable for watching fireworks because of its open space and convenient transportation. It is "very enjoyable" to watch the fireworks show here. On the Shamian River facing the White Swan Pond River, many citizens came to "occupy the position" early in the morning, and the seats on the riverside of the White Swan Hotel had been booked a month ago. Mr. Zhang, a citizen, said: "Watching fireworks in the rain, don’t have a taste."


  Link: 11 coast guard boat "Pearl River Fireworks"


  Last night, the Guangzhou Spring Festival fireworks show was lit at the same time in White Swan Pond and Pazhou River. The maritime department dispatched 11 coast guard boat ships and more than 40 maritime law enforcement officers to maintain the safety of water traffic order.


  Fifteen minutes after the fireworks display, the maritime patrol boat of the Inner Harbor Marine Department will arrange for the Pearl River boat to leave first, and other ships will be allowed to pass later.

Increase fiscal, taxation and financial support. The return rate of logistics enterprises exceeds 60%

  In recent days, the network operation center of Qinhuangdao Branch of China Post Group Company, located in Lingang Logistics Park, Haigang District, Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, has been doing a good job in epidemic prevention and control, and at the same time, it has seized the time to sort express parcels to ensure smooth logistics and transportation.

  Photo by Cao Jianxiong (People’s Vision)

  Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, the production and operation of logistics enterprises have been greatly affected, and the social logistics cost has risen in stages. In view of these problems, Gao Gao, Deputy Secretary-General of the National Development and Reform Commission, pointed out at the press conference held by the the State Council Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism on March 6 that at present, the key point is to solve the obstacles and operating cost pressure faced by logistics enterprises and support the logistics industry to resume normal operation as soon as possible; In the future, efforts should be made to promote the construction of a safe and efficient logistics operation system and further enhance the ability of the logistics industry to cope with external shocks and serve the national economy.

  The return to work rate of logistics enterprises exceeds 60%

  The logistics industry plays an important supporting role in coordinating the prevention and control of epidemic situation and economic and social development. What is the situation of returning to work?

  Gao Gao introduced that at present, there are about 400,000 logistics-related legal entities in China, with more than 50 million employees. By the end of February, the proportion of logistics enterprises in China has exceeded 60%, the road freight market has continued to pick up, the vehicle operating rate has been restored to 70%, and the rate of returning to work in logistics parks is close to 90%, especially for a number of national logistics hubs and demonstration logistics parks.

  Regarding the express delivery that people are concerned about, Liu Jun, deputy director of the State Post Bureau, said that after the outbreak, the State Post Bureau organized and mobilized the postal express delivery industry to fully guarantee the transportation and delivery of epidemic prevention materials and the distribution of daily necessities, and to distinguish enterprises from orderly resumption of work and production, speed up the smooth economic cycle, and strive to meet the needs of people’s livelihood. At present, there are nearly 3 million people who have returned to work in the postal express delivery industry, with a return rate of 90.2%, handling more than 160 million pieces of express mail every day, and a recovery rate of over 80%.

  "Judging from what we have learned in the past few days, the situation of resuming work and production continues to improve. Logistics related to daily necessities, such as express delivery, has a relatively fast recovery speed, and the rate of returning to work and the yield are relatively high. Relatively speaking, productive logistics is extensive and involves the coordination and linkage of different industries and different upstream and downstream, and the recovery situation is weaker than that of life logistics. " Gao Wei said.

  Get through the blocking point of agricultural products entering the city

  The overall situation is improving, but problems such as the failure to return to work and the ineffective guarantee of the timeliness of mail express still exist. Liu Jun pointed out that postal express delivery enterprises belong to network enterprises. Due to the epidemic control policy, the production capacity recovery area is not balanced enough. Distribution centers, municipal processing sites and terminal business outlets in some areas such as Hubei have not resumed normal operations, which has a direct impact on the smooth operation of the whole network.

  "During the epidemic, some communities and rural areas were under strict control, and the courier brother could not deliver normally. Especially now, the utilization rate of smart express boxes is less than 50%, which directly affects the delivery efficiency." Liu Jun said that at the same time, the production capacity of upstream SMEs of some e-commerce companies has recovered unevenly. Some consumers have placed orders, but they cannot generate packages in time, which also has some impact on the whole time limit.

  Liu Jun said that in order to ensure the quality of service, the State Post Bureau requires delivery enterprises to effectively guarantee the production capacity of personnel, transportation capacity and equipment, strengthen the management and scheduling of reasonable time limit for express mail, and give priority to dealing with the backlog and problems caused by the epidemic. In the next step, it is necessary to keep the "green channel" for the transportation and delivery of epidemic prevention materials unimpeded, and timely and efficiently distribute the needed materials for the front line of epidemic prevention and control. At the same time, it is necessary to give priority to the distribution of basic living materials for residents in closed management areas, concentrate on the delivery service of agricultural and sideline products into cities, and help solve the problem of unsalable agricultural products. "Now the epidemic situation has a greater impact on agricultural products entering the city. Recently, our focus has been on getting through the blocking points in this area and smoothing the circulation channels."

  "We will continue to promote the resumption of work in the express delivery industry in stages and continuously improve the production capacity according to market demand." Liu Jun said that it is preliminarily predicted that by mid-March, except Hubei, the whole network will basically return to normal.

  Increase fiscal, taxation and financial support

  "This epidemic has had a great impact on the logistics industry. Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission, together with relevant parties, aimed at the outstanding problems that restrict the resumption of production and long-term development of the logistics industry, in accordance with ‘ Combination of distance and overall consideration ’ The principle of putting forward a series of policy measures. " Gao Wei said.

  The intensity of tax reduction and fee reduction has increased in stages. Within a certain period of time, we will continue to implement the policy of halving the urban land use tax for bulk commodity storage land that expired at the end of last year. From March 1 to June 30, the port construction fee for import and export goods will be exempted, and the government-set charges such as port charges and port facility security fees will be reduced by 20%, and the compulsory emergency response services and charges for non-tanker cargo ships will be cancelled. Before the end of June, the railway insured price, the delayed use of containers, the detention of trucks and other fees will be halved. Transportation and logistics enterprises that perform emergency transportation tasks during the epidemic prevention and control period belong to the government’s purchase of public services, and governments at all levels should give compensation.

  In terms of financial support, Gao Gao introduced that the national list of key enterprises for epidemic prevention and control is being published in a rolling way, and several groups of key logistics enterprises have been recommended to be included in this list, and financial institutions can provide them with preferential interest rate loans by using special refinancing. At the same time, ease the financial pressure of small and micro logistics enterprises with a wide range and a large quantity, and encourage financial institutions to temporarily postpone the repayment of principal and interest on their loans, especially not to borrow, keep lending and keep lending.

  "Policy measures also involve accelerating the improvement of the emergency logistics system, deepening the adjustment of cargo transportation structure, and improving the level of modern supply chain." Gao Gao said that the National Development and Reform Commission will work with relevant departments and localities to implement relevant policies, support and guide logistics enterprises to resume work and production in an orderly manner, increase dynamic monitoring of the operation of the logistics industry, promote the transformation and upgrading of the logistics industry, improve quality and efficiency, and provide a strong guarantee for the sustained and healthy development of the national economy.

Bookstore nightlife, can "one night" become "night after night"?

  From July 19th, every Friday to Sunday, the operation hours of Beijing Metro Line 1 and Line 2 are extended, and the last bus departure time of each station along the line is after zero. It can be seen that the subway works hard for our nightlife.

  夏末的一个夜晚,正阳门外,中轴线西,大栅栏北,首届“北京书店之夜”主会场所在地北京坊,将城市夜生活延展至书店,同时,遍布全市的25家书店分会场也点燃星星之火。这一夜,北京夜生活的口号是“约饭,不如约书店”。

  北京人民广播电台带来诵读节目《遇见一家书店》,绘本作家熊亮讲演《如何打造中国孩子的童话世界》,素描戏剧《白日梦太奇》和黑胶音乐声光舞蹈秀,则营造出了夜间游园的氛围……

  听说“北京书店之夜”的消息,初一女孩美怡拉上阿姨和阿姨家的弟弟一同前来,跟随“打卡地图”的路线走走看看,已经打卡了3个点。美怡说,如果能延续下去,她还想参加。马啸带着女儿专门赶来,他是一名教师,觉得孩子更应该参加“书店之夜”,“读书能直达心灵”。

  北京最富有特色的45家书店,聚集于北京坊三富街,形成一条“北京书店大街”。走完这条街,书迷们在一面巨大的立体许愿墙上留下了满壁心愿——“我想带着《瓦尔登湖》去趟瓦尔登湖”“希望能找到爱读书的另一半”“希望能读完一本大部头经典”“全世界的最美书店等等我”……

  Everything is fine, but this excitement is like a "flash" featuring a bookstore. After this night, can the bookstore be added to the nightlife options? Can "one night" become "every night"?

  In fact, it is nothing new to spend the night in a bookstore. There have been 24-hour bookstores in various places before. According to Liu Jingjing, deputy dean of the School of Cultural Industry Management of China Communication University, this series of activities with the overall planning and support of government resources is a good demonstration and guidance, but the sustainable development of bookstore nightlife depends on the enthusiasm and demands of bookstores themselves.

  Most directly, the development of bookstore nightlife is closely related to bookstore operating costs. Liu Jingjing said: "The cost of personnel and security required for night operation will increase significantly compared with that during the day. Whether the bookstore can get enough returns by extending its business hours is the key to restricting the sustainable development of the bookstore nightlife."

  Liu Jingjing believes that there are two ways to develop bookstore nightlife at present: one is to expand the bookstore into a public cultural space with multiple functions, providing a carrier for various cultural activities, such as movie viewing, reading, reading, drama, music, and even night training; The second is to carry life related to books in various spaces, such as reading activities in restaurants, shopping malls and cinemas.

  Liu Jingjing felt "anxious" at first to live the bookstore nightlife well. "You can find some brand and iconic bookstores to explore and try first, instead of opening them all at once. Because it depends on whether the bookstore itself can survive, or whether it will have more room for development after the city as a whole forms an atmosphere of night cultural life. "

  Expanding bookstores into cultural complexes has become more common in first-and second-tier cities. When it gradually sinks into third-and fourth-tier cities, it is expected to produce more new formats, such as combining bookstores with restaurants, creative markets and even car beauty.

  The latter, in this "flash" activity, is also emerging. In MUJI HOTEL BEIJING (Beijing Branch of Muji Hotel), in-house guests can choose a favorite book from about 8,000 books in the lobby book bar and bring it back to their rooms for free.

  In the children’s paradise "Little Oasis", Fantasy Country and Yimi Sunshine Children’s Library moved children’s favorite reading scenes to the paradise. Ma Jin, founder of Little Oasis, said: "Let children regard picture books as toys. In our space, it will be arranged in different corners ‘ Reading angle ’ At the same time, a small library will be set up to open all picture books to parents and children for all parents who come to the small oasis to choose and borrow. "

  Mom+,a family-style restaurant under the brand of "Family Heritage", has set up a trial reading area for Xiong Liang’s classic picture books. Xiong Liang said, "In other scenes, books should have such an opportunity". "Mom+"restaurant will recommend a book every month. The first month of opening is the picture book "A Bowl of Soup for Mom" by Hao Guangcai, a famous children’s book publisher. In that month, Sun Yankun, the co-founder of the family biography, found that all the children in the whole restaurant were reading the same book, but everyone had their own understanding.

  Sun Yankun said: "Seventy percent of our guests are families with children. When conceiving a restaurant, the first plate to be put in is the reading corner, which is also our discussion about ‘ Dining table and desk ’ An embodiment of the idea. Mom and dad put down their mobile phones when they were waiting for each other, and they were very devoted to reading picture books to children. It was beautiful. "

  "Promoting night economy is a systematic project, which requires all systems in the city to support night life, including public transportation, public security maintenance and night landscape. Bookstore nightlife does not depend on the development of a single bookstore, but on the formation of the whole cultural consumption habits. " Liu Jingjing said.

  China Youth Daily China Youth Network reporter Jiang Xiaobin Trainee reporter Li Yi Source: China Youth Daily

Communiqué of the Third Ministerial Conference of China-Arab Cooperation Forum

  BEIJING, May 23 (Xinhua) According to the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, the communiqué of the third ministerial meeting of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum.


  The foreign ministers of People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the member countries of the League of Arab States (hereinafter referred to as "the two sides") and the Secretary General of the League of Arab States held the third ministerial meeting of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum (hereinafter referred to as "the Forum") in Manama, the capital of the Kingdom of Bahrain, from May 21 to 22, 2008.


  The two sides spoke highly of the rich achievements made by China and Arab countries in building a new partnership of equality and all-round cooperation in recent years; Reviewing the activities held under the framework of the Forum since the Second Ministerial Conference, I am satisfied with the achievements made in the mechanism construction and important activities such as the Senior Officials Committee, the China-Arab Entrepreneurs Conference, the China-Arab Relations and the China-Arab Civilization Dialogue Seminar, China-Arab Environmental Cooperation, China-Arab Friendship Conference, China-Arab Energy Cooperation Conference and China-Arab News Cooperation Forum. Determined to further enrich the connotation of cooperation and promote the in-depth development of forum construction.


  It is believed that the world today is undergoing great changes and adjustments, and it is the general trend to seek peace, development and cooperation. With the in-depth development of economic globalization, countries are increasingly interdependent, so all countries should jointly deal with it and seek advantages and avoid disadvantages. Traditional security threats are still outstanding, and non-traditional security threats are on the rise, which urgently requires the international community to strengthen cooperation and jointly deal with them.


  It is emphasized that strengthening China-Arab dialogue and cooperation and improving the overall level of China-Arab relations under the new situation are in the common interests of the Chinese and Arab people and are also conducive to world peace and development;


  To this end, the two sides decided to continue to strengthen the new partnership of equality, mutual trust, all-round cooperation, peace-oriented and sustainable development, and reached the following consensus:


  I. Political field


  1-Reaffirm the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence. Promote the democratization of international relations and build a harmonious world. Respect all countries to safeguard their territorial integrity and security without violating the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and other universally recognized norms of international law.


  2-Strengthen mutual visits and communication between leaders and government officials of the two sides, keep close contact and contact, and enhance friendship and mutual trust.


  3-Promote exchanges between parliaments and political parties of the two sides, promote exchanges between non-governmental organizations, enhance mutual understanding and deepen traditional friendship.


  4-Maintain political consultations between the foreign ministries of the two sides and collective consultations within the framework of the forum.


  5-The Arab countries expressed sympathy and condolences to the Chinese side for the heavy casualties and serious property losses caused by the earthquake in Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of China (PRC), and appreciated the efforts of the China government and people in earthquake relief and reconstruction. The government and people of China express their heartfelt thanks and welcome to the sympathy, support and help given by the Arab countries and people. The Arab countries support China in hosting the 29th Olympic Games in 2008 and wish the Games a complete success.


  6-The Arab countries reiterate that the government of People’s Republic of China (PRC) is the sole legal government representing the whole of China, and Taiwan Province is an inalienable part of the territory of China. They oppose the Taiwan Province authorities’ participation in the United Nations and other international organizations and conferences limited to sovereign countries in any name and form, and support the efforts of the government and people of China to promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations.


  7-China supports the Arab countries’ strategic choice to achieve peace and stability in the Middle East in accordance with relevant United Nations resolutions, the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative and the road map plan for Middle East peace. China supports the Arab peace initiative as an important principle for comprehensively solving the Middle East issue, and calls on Israel to respond to the Arab countries’ desire for peace, negotiate with relevant Arab countries on the basis of the initiative, and end the occupation of all Arab territories occupied since 1967. Support the establishment of an independent Palestinian state in accordance with the Arab peace initiative and solve the refugee problem in accordance with relevant United Nations resolutions, so as to restore the legitimate rights of the Arab people, and thus achieve a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East. Call on the international community to commit itself to lifting the blockade of Palestine, take practical measures to improve the humanitarian situation in Gaza, stop building settlements and all actions that aggravate tensions, and create favorable conditions for the Middle East peace process to move forward.


  8-Emphasize support for Syria to recover the occupied Golan Heights in accordance with relevant UN resolutions, on the basis of the results of the Madrid Peace Conference in 1991 and the Arab Peace Initiative in 2002, and on the basis of the principles of the peace process.


  9-Emphasize full solidarity with Lebanon and provide it with political and economic support. In the State of Qatar Emir Hamad? Ben? Khalifa? His Highness Al Thani, Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hamad? Ben? Jasim? Ben? Jabbar? His Highness Al Thani, Secretary General of the Arab League Amr? Thanks to the efforts of Your Excellency Moussa and the members of the Arab Ministerial Committee, the Doha Lebanese National Dialogue Conference reached a consensus solution on the basis of the Arab initiative to solve the political crisis in Lebanon, and both sides warmly congratulated them.


  10-Emphasize that Iraq’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity should be fully respected, not interfering in its internal affairs, respecting the Iraqi people’s independent determination of their future, and condemning all forms of terrorist acts against the Iraqi people and their institutions. Support the Iraqi government’s efforts aimed at stabilizing the security situation and promoting the process of national reconciliation, so as to achieve national reconciliation and encourage cooperation for the reconstruction of Iraq. We welcome the role of the Arab League, the expansion of international cooperation through meetings of foreign ministers of neighboring countries in Iraq, and the search for the necessary mechanism to solve Iraq’s current problems. We hope that Iraq and its neighbors can solve their mutual concerns.


  11-Emphasize support for all peaceful efforts, including the initiative and efforts of the United Arab Emirates, aimed at peacefully resolving the issue of the three islands (Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa) through peaceful negotiations and in accordance with the norms of international law.


  12-Emphasize support for Sudan’s national unity, national unity and territorial integrity. Support the Sudanese government of national unity to implement the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and push forward the North-South peace process. Welcoming the signing of the Agreement on the Status of Mixed Forces on 9 February 2008 and the efforts made by the Government of Sudan to make the hybrid operation a success. It emphasizes that the hybrid operation should be deployed in Darfur in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 1769, supports the tripartite consultation mechanism between Sudan, the African Union and the United Nations to continue to play the role of the main channel, advocates the balanced promotion of peacekeeping operations and the political process in Darfur, calls on the opposition and the Sudanese government to step up negotiations, reach a comprehensive peace agreement in Darfur at an early date, and supports the Arab League to continue to play an important role in this issue. Condemn the attack launched by the Justice and Equality Movement in Omdurman.


  13-Emphasize that continuing to promote the peace process in Somalia is of great significance to regional security and stability, respect the unity and national sovereignty of Somalia, and support Somalia to achieve national reconciliation and domestic peace as soon as possible.


  14-Support each other to safeguard national sovereignty, independence and national dignity, respect and support the independent choice of development path according to national conditions, and exchange ruling experience and development experience with each other.


  15-Emphasize that both sides attach importance to strengthening friendly relations between the National People’s Congress of China and Arab parliaments, consultative conferences and Arab transitional parliaments on the basis of the purposes and principles of the forum.


  16-Conduct political consultations, close coordination and cooperation on major regional and international issues of common concern within the framework of the Forum.


  17-Advocate dialogue and consultation, and encourage hot issues and differences to be handled through political and peaceful means.


  18-Support the maintenance of the international nuclear non-proliferation system and advocate the peaceful settlement of the nuclear issue in the Middle East through diplomatic negotiations, so as to maintain regional peace and stability. Support the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East and the active efforts made by Arab countries on the basis of consultation to achieve this goal as soon as possible. The right of all countries to peaceful use of nuclear energy in accordance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should be respected and maintained, and the possession and development of military nuclear capabilities in violation of the provisions of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should be opposed.


  19-Condemn all forms of terrorism and oppose linking terrorism with specific ethnic groups and religions. It is believed that counter-terrorism must be based on the Charter of the United Nations and other universally recognized norms of international law, adhere to the leading and coordinating role of the United Nations and its Security Council, and oppose double standards. King Abdullah of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, a servant who supports the two holy places? Ben? Abdalasis? Al Saud’s proposal to establish an international counter-terrorism center at the 2005 Riyadh World Counter-Terrorism Conference. Welcome and support President Zine El-Zine El-Assad of the Republic of Tunisia? Abidine? Ben? Ali proposed that the United Nations should hold an international conference to formulate anti-terrorism action guidelines that all parties should abide by and promote dialogue among different faiths, cultures and civilizations. We will continue to strengthen anti-terrorism cooperation in bilateral areas and under multilateral frameworks such as the United Nations. In this regard, the two sides support the international conference organized by the United Nations and attended by international organizations such as the Organization of the Islamic Conference to discuss the definition, prevention and fight against terrorism, and call on all parties to complete the negotiation of a comprehensive anti-terrorism convention as soon as possible.


  They agreed to strengthen dialogue and cooperation within the framework of the United Nations and other international organizations, promote multilateralism, and safeguard the authority of the United Nations and its leading role in international affairs. Support the United Nations to carry out necessary and reasonable reforms, improve efficiency, fulfill the mission entrusted by the Charter of the United Nations, and increase its ability to effectively respond to new threats and challenges. Support the Security Council to play a major role in maintaining world peace and security. The reform of the Security Council should give priority to increasing the representation of developing countries, and members should reach consensus on the reform of the Security Council on the basis of extensive discussion and democratic consultation.


  21-It advocates reaching understanding and resolving differences between countries through dialogue and diplomatic means, so as to solve the problems that hinder the improvement of relations between countries. Oppose laws that override the norms of international law and aim at harming the sovereignty and interests of other countries.


  Second, promote development


  22-The two sides actively promote trade facilitation, continue to expand the scale of trade, improve the trade structure, standardize the trade order, raise the level of trade, and strive to achieve comprehensive, orderly and balanced development of bilateral trade.


  23-Expand two-way investment, promote enterprises of both sides to strengthen investment cooperation in a wider field, and encourage technology transfer.


  24-Strengthen cooperation in infrastructure construction, complement each other’s advantages in capital, technology and engineering, and explore projects to implement infrastructure construction, improve people’s livelihood and enhance the ability of independent development.


  25-Promote cooperation in the financial field, encourage financial institutions of both sides to strengthen cooperation, jointly provide financial support and convenience for investment, project contracting and trade of both sides, and encourage both sides to carry out mutually beneficial cooperation in the banking field under the conditions of complying with relevant laws and regulations of various countries.


  26-Strengthen cooperation between the two sides in the field of human resources development, learn from each other and learn from each other.


  27-The two sides coordinate and cooperate in international economic and trade fields and institutions, and work together to establish an open, fair and standardized multilateral international trading system and safeguard the common interests of developing countries.


  28-Accelerate the negotiation process between China and the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, and strive to reach an agreement as soon as possible.


  29-Support mutual investment projects in oil and gas industries on the basis of mutual benefit, and strengthen and expand existing cooperation, especially in the exploration, exploitation, transportation and refining of oil and gas; Exchange of experience and technology transfer in the fields of energy and environmental protection of energy-related projects through mutual visits, holding joint seminars and advanced courses, and participating in relevant activities organized by the other side.


  30-Strengthen cooperation and dialogue in the fields of environmental protection and desertification control, maintain close consultation and cooperation on international environmental affairs, and promote mutually beneficial cooperation between the two sides in the fields of environmental protection and sustainable development.


  Carry out scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges through close contacts, and carry out joint research and technology transfer in seawater desalination, environmental protection technology, high-efficiency agricultural technology, clean energy, new energy and renewable energy technology.


  32-The two sides recognize that mankind is facing severe challenges in the issues of environment and sustainable development, and are willing to strengthen cooperation with the international community to meet the challenges in an open and pragmatic manner; Support the United Nations to play an important role in promoting global sustainable development and make positive contributions to promoting global environmental protection and sustainable development.


  33-Both sides attach great importance to climate change and are willing to make joint efforts with the international community to make positive contributions to climate change. The two sides stressed that any international arrangement to deal with climate change should be based on the principles and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, especially the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities". The two sides are willing to strengthen cooperation in tackling climate change, including technical exchanges, improving energy efficiency and developing new and renewable energy sources.


  Third, people-to-people exchanges and dialogue among civilizations should be carried out.


  34-Encourage cooperation between research institutions, universities and educational institutions of both sides in the fields of education, scientific research and academic exchanges, including teaching Chinese and Arabic.


  35-Encourage and support Chinese and Arab cultural institutions to carry out official and non-governmental exchange programs, use information and communication technology to protect cultural heritage, sort out and publish cultural works, and attach importance to learning from each other in culture to achieve common development.


  36-Establish an art festival mechanism held by both parties in turn on a regular basis.


  37-Encourage the opening of Arab cultural centers in China and China cultural centers in Arab countries, and provide mutual convenience.


  38-Create conditions to encourage tourism cooperation between China and China, and actively consider listing Arab countries as outbound tourist destinations for citizens.


  39-Strengthen exchanges and dialogues among different civilizations, promote mutual understanding and interaction among people of all countries, respect the cultural characteristics of people of all countries, and be inclusive and exchange and learn from each other in the spirit of equality, mutual respect and tolerance.


  40-Emphasize that the two sides attach importance to participating in regional and international initiatives aimed at strengthening cooperation among different civilizations, cultures and religions to deal with all forms of mutual exclusion and incitement to violence, and should not use freedom of speech as an excuse to vilify and vilify religions, beliefs, religious shrines and figures of people of all countries.


  Fourth, enhance the friendly and cooperative relations between Chinese and Arab news organizations.


  41-Close cooperation in the fields of news and publication between the two sides, and enhance mutual understanding and friendship between the Chinese and Arab peoples through various mass media (television, newspapers and radio).


  V. Building the China-Arab Cooperation Forum


  42-Strengthen coordination and cooperation, jointly implement the principles and objectives set in the forum communiqué and the action implementation plan, and create more common development benefits for the people of both sides.


  43-Persist in innovation, constantly enrich China-Arab cooperation, improve the forum mechanism, and explore a forum construction model that conforms to the reality of both sides and the characteristics of China-Arab bilateral relations.


  44-Support the Forum to establish horizontal ties with other regional or multilateral cooperation mechanisms in which both sides participate, and broaden the space for common cooperation.


  45-Express gratitude and appreciation to the Kingdom of Bahrain for hosting the third ministerial meeting of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum, and welcome the holding of the fourth ministerial meeting of the Forum in China in 2010 and the next Senior Officials Meeting of the Forum in China in 2009.


  This communiqué was signed in Manama on May 20th, 2008 in duplicate, each in Chinese and Arabic, both texts being equally authentic.


  


  


People’s Republic of China (PRC)

League of Arab States


Daibiao

Daibiao


Yang Jiechi (signature)

Amourous? Moussa (signature)


Foreign Minister of People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Secretary-General of the League of Arab States


Editor: Sun Jie

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Every time it takes root, it is a commitment to the future of the city; Every rejuvenation is the pursuit of an ideal life; As the first fourth-generation residence in the Economic Development Zone, Yun Qi Time Project has been adhering to the responsibility of state-owned enterprises, casting a beautiful life with ingenuity, and laying a good foundation for the renovation and upgrading of residential buildings in the Economic Development Zone.

Architecture is a dialogue between man and life aesthetics. On December 16th, Yun Qi opened a "Fourth Generation Building Revitalization Life Salon" for prospective owners, and invited Caotan Group’s subsidiary, who is also the head of the planning and design department of Xi ‘an Caotan Construction and Development Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Caotan Construction), and SUM landscape designers to share with you how to realize the ideal life scene of painting an air courtyard.

Liu Tianran, head of the planning and design department of Xi ‘an Caotan Construction and Development Co., Ltd., elaborated the first fourth-generation residence in the Economic Development Zone inspired by the design concept, architectural planning, garden details and product highlights. As Liu Tianran said: "The core of the continuous iteration of living patterns is the continuous improvement of people’s needs." In Yun Qi, as a game breaker, he rearranged the order for the economic development, and renewed it iteratively.

As an iterative product of living, Yun Qi moved the courtyard into the air to realize "every family has a garden and every household has a courtyard", so that people living in a bustling city can realize the imagination of "staying in a cage for a long time and returning to nature". Wang Jiameng and Sun Dandan, the main designers of SUM landscape design, started a communication trip about green homes from the aspects of yard life plant scene matching and daily plant maintenance, so that all the imaginations of life can be realized here one by one. This is a trip to the artistic realm of aesthetic life and a dialogue with future life.

Caotan Group, with its original intention, respect for the land and the vision of building a better life, inherits the ingenuity of state-owned enterprises, and starts a new chapter in life with the fourth-generation low-density streamer courtyard at the confluence of urban resources.

Positive progress has been made in the high-quality development of culture and tourism

On December 14th, the State Council Information Office held a series of press conferences on the theme of "Opening by Authorities", and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism introduced the situation of accelerating the construction of a strong cultural country and promoting the high-quality development of culture and tourism.

There are 57 world heritages in China.

Lu Yingchuan, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, said that the Ministry of Culture and Tourism has taken a series of targeted and effective measures to build a strong cultural country and promote the high-quality development of culture and tourism, and has done a lot of work to lay a foundation and establish a long-term future, thus making positive progress in promoting the high-quality development of culture and tourism.

Adhere to the spirit of culture, cultural empowerment, prosperity and development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries. We will increase the guidance and support for stage art and art creation, implement a series of art creation projects in the new era, and organize activities such as the exhibition of outstanding plays of stage art and the exhibition of fine arts. In the first 11 months, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism hosted 27 exhibitions, with 900,000 offline audiences and over 1.8 billion online viewers. We will improve cultural and economic policies, implement the strategy of driving major cultural industry projects, actively cultivate new formats and models, launch a series of consumption promotion activities, and carry out special rectification such as performance ticketing and script entertainment, so that the cultural industry will achieve rapid growth. In the first three quarters, there were 342,000 commercial performances nationwide, with a box office income of 31.54 billion yuan and 111 million audience, up by 121.0%, 84.2% and 188.5% over the same period in 2019.

Adhere to integrity, innovation, self-confidence and self-improvement, protect, inherit and carry forward China’s excellent traditional culture. In-depth implementation of the Chinese civilization tracing project, archaeological China and other major projects, strengthen the protection and utilization of cultural relics and ancient books, promote the fourth national cultural relics survey, and implement the Chinese ancient books protection plan. Do a good job in the systematic protection of intangible heritage, promote the identification of the sixth batch of national intangible heritage representative inheritors, and announce 10 national cultural and ecological protection zones. Organize international museum day, cultural and natural heritage day and other publicity and exhibitions, and hold activities such as "Tea and the World Sharing Intangible Heritage". Actively promote the application for the Beijing Central Axis and the Spring Festival, and promote the inclusion of "Pu ‘er Jingmai Mountain Ancient Tea Forest Cultural Landscape" in the World Heritage List, increasing the number of world heritage sites in China to 57.

Adhere to tourism for the people and tourism-driven, and better meet the new expectations of the people for a better life. Enrich the supply of high-quality tourism products, develop mass tourism, smart tourism, green tourism and civilized tourism, build a list of special-grade tourism resources in China, pilot cultivate a new space for immersive experience of smart tourism, and hold a publicity campaign of "Civilized Tourism with You and Me". Eight villages were selected as the "Best Tourism Villages" by the United Nations World Tourism Organization after the implementation of the rural tourism quality project, which became a typical case of rural revitalization with cultural and tourism empowerment.

Adhere to the position of Chinese culture, promote exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations, and continuously enhance the influence of Chinese cultural communication. We will implement the global civilization initiative, hold high-level cultural performances of important state events such as the China-Central Asia Summit and the third "the belt and road initiative" international cooperation summit forum, and carry out the activities of Chinese and Western culture and tourism year. Hold the first Liangzhu Forum, Yihui Silk Road-exhibition of works by famous Chinese and Arab artists, and performance to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra’s visit to China. Restore the national travel agencies and online travel enterprises to operate the outbound team travel business of China citizens to 138 countries, and carry out "Hello! China "national tourism image promotion, promote the recovery and development of inbound and outbound tourism.

In the first three quarters, the number of domestic tourists reached 3.67 billion.

Du Jiang, Vice Minister of Culture and Tourism, said that in the first three quarters of this year, the number of domestic tourists reached 3.67 billion, and the tourism revenue reached 3.7 trillion yuan, up 75% and 114% respectively. Residents’ tourism demand has been released in a centralized way, and residents’ travel has increased substantially. In the next step, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism will focus on three aspects: promoting cultural and tourism consumption, improving people’s quality of life and better meeting people’s needs.

The first is to optimize the policy environment and solve the difficulties of blocking points. We will combine the new situation of tourism development, implement relevant policies and measures, and exert our efforts from both supply and demand to boost tourism investment confidence and consumer confidence. Enrich the supply of high-quality tourism products, improve tourism services, standardize the order of the tourism market, strengthen tourism security, and create a tourist destination with quality and temperature. At the same time, provide more high-quality tourism products and more convenient services for inbound tourists.

The second is to promote industrial integration and innovate product supply. It will further promote the deep integration of cultural tourism, enhance cultural taste, enrich spiritual connotation, cultivate new consumption formats and new models, promote the construction of "small but beautiful" performing arts new space, and innovate and upgrade music festivals, concerts and other products. Promote the healthy development of new formats such as script entertainment and tourism performing arts, and promote the integration of food, performance, sports, health care, Chinese medicine and other fields with tourism, so that people can feel culture, cultivate sentiment, experience life and enjoy health during their travels.

The third is to build a platform carrier and increase the intensity of benefiting the people. It will promote the brand building of a new batch of national cultural and tourism consumption demonstration cities, national tourist resorts, 5A-level scenic spots, and national night cultural and tourism consumption gathering areas. Guide local innovative consumption scenarios, cultivate new formats and consumption patterns, enrich measures to benefit the people, and implement the "100 cities and 100 districts" financial support culture and tourism consumption action plan. We will continue to run national cultural and tourism consumption promotion activities, strengthen publicity and marketing, stimulate residents’ cultural and tourism consumption will, and help business entities to resume development.

Further safeguard the order of culture and tourism market.

In recent years, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism has continuously relaxed market access, actively innovated supervision methods, created a market-oriented, rule-of-law and international business environment, stimulated the vitality of the cultural and tourism markets, and helped the high-quality development of the industry. Relax the market access threshold and continuously release policy dividends. Promote the reform of tourism service quality margin, so that travel agencies have more liquidity. In the Pilot Free Trade Zone and other places, we have implemented the notification and commitment system for the establishment of travel agencies, implemented the electronic license for applied culture and tourism market, fully implemented the "one-line management" for administrative examination and approval, implemented more high-frequency matters "handheld management, fingertip management", and deepened the "good and bad reviews" for government services, making things more convenient and providing better services.

In addition, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism responded to the demands of the masses in a timely manner, found and handled a number of problems, and organized a series of special law enforcement actions, effectively maintaining market order.

Since the beginning of this year, special rectification of script entertainment, special rectification of commercial performance ticketing, and 100-day rectification of tourism market order have been deployed one after another. In the first 11 months, the comprehensive law enforcement agencies of the national cultural market dispatched 9.988 million law enforcement personnel, inspected 3.348 million times and handled 41,000 cases. In view of the e-commerce platform providing conditions for reselling performance "scalper tickets", commercial performance activities and art exhibitions contain illegal contents, and some cases such as organizing minors to participate in performances that harm physical and mental health are specially supervised. In view of the illegal and illegal business activities such as specifying specific shopping places and operating travel agency business without permission, key provinces have been deployed to carry out centralized case handling in the tourism market, guiding relevant regions to investigate and deal with a number of major cases according to law.

Under the guidance of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the local cultural and tourism departments investigated and dealt with some typical cases such as content violations, non-performance of performance obligations, forced shopping in the tourism market, threats by tour guides to tourists, and abandonment of tour groups by travel agencies, and promptly disclosed the punishment results to the public, effectively deterring all kinds of illegal acts.

"In the next step, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism will continue to strengthen the comprehensive law enforcement supervision of the cultural and tourism markets, solidly promote a series of law enforcement actions, severely investigate and deal with violations of laws and regulations, and further safeguard the order of the cultural and tourism markets." Du Jiang said. People’s Daily (December 15, 2023, 02 edition)

The realistic echo and reflection of history

On September 13th, local time, in Washington, D.C., US congressmen attended the 20th anniversary ceremony of the September 11th terrorist attacks on Capitol Hill. Photo courtesy of people’s vision

On April 13th, in Fukushima City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, a number of civic groups gathered in front of the Fukushima prefectural government, holding high slogans such as "Don’t discharge into the sea" and "People don’t support the decision" to protest the government’s decision to discharge Fukushima nuclear wastewater into the sea. Photo courtesy of vision china

The coming year 2021 is a year of complexity, disorder and ups and downs for the whole world. The COVID-19 epidemic runs through the whole year, with constant alarms, and many countries have opened and closed their doors; The game of great powers has spread to more non-traditional fields such as governance and technology; In the multiple crises, the international community has repeatedly made multiple-choice questions about "abnormal" and "new normal". Walking at the crossroads of development, "uncertainty" has become one of the most frequently used expressions.

Taking history as a mirror, we can know the rise and fall. When the world is experiencing a great change that has never happened in a hundred years, history has become the reference coordinate that we can choose for our annual resumption. Through the "anniversary" nodes of some international events in 2021, we may be able to find the realistic echo of history from far and near.

30 years after the end of the cold war, is the world more United?

Late at night on December 25, 1991, the Soviet flag was lowered slowly in the Kremlin. With the collapse of a "superpower" occupying one-sixth of the world’s land area, the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union, which lasted for nearly half a century, also came to an end.

Although the Cold War has satisfied the ideological and geopolitical interests of the "superpower", the long-term confrontation between the East and the West has created a tragedy of division in Germany, North Korea and other countries. Wen Anli, an expert on the history of the Cold War and a professor at Harvard University, believes that the lessons left by the Cold War to today’s human society include that big countries need to regulate their own behaviors, respect each other’s core interests, and jointly contain and resolve regional conflicts.

However, the "new cold war" is gradually becoming a popular word in current international political life. There are constant comments that the United States, as a former winner of the Cold War, has been experiencing increasing strategic anxiety in recent years and is trying to push the most important international relationship in the 21st century-Sino-US relations to the so-called "new cold war".

Although this is inconsistent with the public statement of the Biden administration in the United States, this year, the United States has organized a so-called "democracy summit" and divided the world into two camps again. While piecing together the "small circle", I tried to maintain the dominance of the West with the practices of the Cold War. From the Group of Seven to the "Five Eyes Alliance", from the four-party mechanism of the United States, Japan, India and Australia to the tripartite security partnership between the United States and Britain and Australia, behind the United States, the "cold war-style" group politics reappeared.

As a result, people see a lot of history repeating itself. NATO, led by the United States, is breaking its promise to expand further, trying to contain Russia by taking advantage of Ukraine, which left Russia and entered Europe after the Cold War, and constantly speculating that Russia is assembling heavy troops and "preparing to invade Ukraine". British troops, tanks and equipment were ordered to return to Germany for fear that "Russia threatened the Baltic countries." Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov has repeatedly compared the current situation with the Cuban missile crisis during the Cold War, when the world was on the brink of thermonuclear war, and it is still regarded as the most dangerous moment for human survival. According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, "the United States is on the old road of the Soviet Union with confidence and firm steps".

In 1991, 30 years ago, the Soviet Union was disintegrated under multiple shocks. Thirty years later, in 2021, which was started by the "riots on Capitol Hill", the United States fell into a social crisis and a stalemate in party struggle, and the gloom of the "lighthouse" became an indisputable fact. If the vision is long enough, it can be said that the United States is not the winner of the cold war, or that there is no winner in the cold war. When global challenges such as COVID-19 epidemic, climate change and digital security appear indiscriminately in front of all countries, multipolarization and cooperation beyond ideological differences are still the general trend of the international pattern.

Twenty years after the September 11th incident, is the world safer?

Twenty years later, the terrible flames of the World Trade Center Twin Towers in new york seem to be still in sight. However, the trial of the mastermind of the "9.11" incident is still pending, and the ghost of terrorism still lingers in the world. Open the "calendar of terrorist events" in 2021, and people will find one after another bloody records-

On February 22, a terrorist attack occurred in North Waziristan, northwest Pakistan, killing four people; On March 3, at least 8 people were stabbed in a suspected terrorist attack in Wetlanda, a city in southern Sweden. On June 5, a terrorist attack occurred in a village in northern Burkina Faso, Africa, killing at least 132 people; On July 14th, the Chinese commuter shuttle bus of Dasu Hydropower Station project in Cape Province, Pakistan suffered a terrorist explosion, killing 9 Chinese personnel and 4 Pakistani personnel. On August 26, two suicide bombings occurred near Kabul airport in Afghanistan, killing about 100 people, including American soldiers who were evacuating Afghanistan. On November 14th, a taxi exploded in Liverpool, England, killing one person and injuring another. On December 8, the French media revealed that the French anti-terrorism agency had foiled the fourth terrorist attack attempt this year …

The historical trend of the United States and the world changed to a great extent at the moment when the plane crashed into the World Trade Center Twin Towers. The Taliban in Afghanistan were accused of being the mastermind behind the September 11th terrorist attacks, and they provided shelter for bin Laden and Al Qaeda. Since then, the unipolar pattern of "dominating the world" in the United States after the Cold War has been seriously impacted. "Counter-terrorism" has become the first priority of the US government, which has driven the national strategic shift and launched the so-called "global war on terrorism". Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria have been plunged into wars one after another, with nearly one million people killed and tens of millions displaced.

In August this year, the United States withdrew from Afghanistan out of the strategy of turning to great power competition, and the Taliban announced the establishment of the "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan". After four presidents, the United States "successfully" changed the Afghan regime from "Taliban" to "Taliban", leaving behind devastation in Afghanistan. The "war on terrorism" started by Americans since the "9.11" incident ended up with a reputation of "more anti-terrorism".

The analysis believes that the withdrawal of troops from Kabul, which is comparable to the "Saigon moment", highlights the misjudgment of American foreign policy and the lack of strategic preparation. The U.S. military unilaterally withdrew from Afghanistan in order to protect its own security, which led to a serious crisis of trust between the United States and NATO. The Washington Post published an editorial on the eve of the 20th anniversary of the September 11th incident, pointing out that "it is undeniable that the United States has gone in the wrong direction in strategy, tactics and morality in the past 20 years".

Ten years after the Fukushima nuclear accident, is the nuclear cloud farther away from mankind?

Another concept closely related to terrorism is "nuclear". There is a scene in Operation Red Sea, a domestic film released in 2018, in which terrorists attempt to seize nuclear materials and get the technology to make "dirty bombs", and the result is destroyed by special warfare players, thus smashing the terrorists’ plot.

Nuclear weapons have great power and are regarded as the material basis of nuclear war and strategic deterrence by nuclear-armed countries. According to the annual report released by SIPRI in Sweden in June this year, by the beginning of 2021, the nuclear-armed countries had 13,080 nuclear warheads, a slight decrease compared with last year, but both the number of deployable nuclear warheads and the number of actual deployments have increased; The number of nuclear weapons in India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea has increased to varying degrees. The report also pointed out that the United States and Russia, as two nuclear powers with the vast majority of nuclear warheads in the world, still have absolute nuclear superiority, and the number of nuclear warheads in the two countries accounts for about 90% of the global total.

Some nuclear-armed countries continue to strengthen their nuclear forces. In February this year, the French Ministry of National Defense announced the official launch of the third-generation strategic missile nuclear submarine R&D and production project, which is planned to be put into use in the 1930s. In March, Britain announced in its national defense policy document that it planned to substantially increase its nuclear arsenal. In September, the United States, Britain and Australia signed the trilateral security alliance agreement (AUKUS), and Britain and the United States will help Australia build nuclear submarines. At the same time, nuclear exercises have caused more concerns. In November, Russian Defense Minister shoigu accused American bombers of conducting nuclear strikes against Russia from two different directions in early November, and these bombers even flew within 20 kilometers from the Russian border. At the end of the year, more than 600 American scientists and engineers jointly sent a letter to US President Biden, urging the government to abandon the nuclear arms race.

Nowadays, the public talk about the "nuclear" discoloration is also a product of the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union to a certain extent. During the Cold War, both the US and Soviet camps vigorously developed nuclear armament. For political purposes such as "nuclear blackmail", the media reported the destructive power of nuclear energy and the long-term impact of nuclear pollution. In 1986, there was a loud noise in the No.4 reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Soviet Union, and millions of people were affected by radiation. Thirty-five years later, 2,600 square kilometers around Chernobyl is still a "forbidden zone".

In 2021, the safety issues related to "nuclear" caused widespread discussion, and it was also because of another real event that passed through the historical tunnel: on March 11th, 2011, 10 years ago, a 9.0-magnitude earthquake broke out in the northeastern waters of Japan, and at the same time triggered the largest tsunami in Japan’s history. The tsunami washed away the flood levees of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, and the cores of units 1-3 of the nuclear power plant melted and radioactive materials leaked, thus making Fukushima nuclear wastewater a global hazard.

Grossi, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the "March 11th" earthquake this year that the Fukushima nuclear accident left an important lesson for the world, that is, it is necessary to strengthen supervision. However, just one month later, on April 13th, the Japanese government made a decision to filter and dilute the Fukushima nuclear sewage and then discharge it into the sea. Although Japan claims that the treated nuclear wastewater meets international standards and will not affect human health, Japanese official documents show that 750,000 tons, or 84%, of the 890,000 tons of accumulated water stored at the Fukushima nuclear power plant at that time contained radioactive substances above the legal limit.

The international community, including the Japanese people, has always expressed concern and opposition to this. Some research results show that the radioactive materials produced by the accident at Fukushima nuclear power plant have spread to the whole North Pacific Ocean and even affected the Arctic Ocean. However, in December this year, the Tokyo Electric Power Company still insisted on submitting an application to the Japanese government for the discharge of nuclear waste water from the Fukushima nuclear power plant, and planned to officially start the discharge procedure. The latest development of the incident is that, due to the spread of Covid-19 mutant Omicron, the visit time of the investigation team of the International Atomic Energy Agency was postponed from mid-December 2021 to January 2022.

Ten years after the Arab Spring, has the "Spring" in the Middle East arrived?

At the end of 2010, the self-immolation of young Tunisian vendor Bouajiji ignited the Arab Spring. Fueled by the United States and other western media and politicians, this so-called "democracy movement" quickly spread from Tunisia to Egypt, Libya, Bahrain and other countries, and several countries in the Middle East and North Africa experienced regime changes, and Syria, Yemen and other countries fell into a long-term civil war. The "Arab Spring" is also called "the upheaval in the Middle East". Since then, the Arab world has planted the evil seeds of the "color revolution" and fallen into the haze of economic stagnation, social unrest, frequent wars, depressed people’s livelihood and intensified humanitarian crisis. Ten years later, Eric Denece, a French geopolitical expert, admitted that the Arab Spring was a lie.

Only Tunisia, the birthplace of the Arab Spring, achieved peaceful evolution at that time. The fall of former President Ben Ali, who had been in power for more than 20 years, once became a "model of democratic transformation" in the mouth of foreign media. However, since 2011, Tunisia, which was caught in a political party dispute, has experienced at least nine governments, and its economy has not recovered, and the government faces huge debts. As the only "successful country" in the Arab Spring, Tunisia suffered a political "earthquake" in 2021: since July 25th, people marched and protested, President Said announced the freezing of all functions and powers of parliament and the dismissal of Prime Minister Mehmet, the military surrounded the parliament building and banned the speaker from entering, and a curfew was imposed throughout the country … The western media, which once created the "Tunisian democracy myth", quickly characterized the situation in Tunisia as "the return of dictators" and even.

The chaos in the Middle East was largely the result of colonialism in the First World War. Coupled with the large-scale discovery of oil as a strategic resource in the Middle East in the 1920s, frequent geo-security crises became the most prominent feature in the Middle East. With all parties scrambling to fill the regional power vacuum caused by the strategic contraction of the United States, the old order has been destroyed, and the new order has not yet been established. Turbulence, disorder and out of control have become the norm in the Middle East for many years.

Since the beginning of this year, the United States has ended the war on terrorism like a "baggage", causing a sudden tension in the security situation in Afghanistan and its surrounding areas; The Palestinian-Israeli conflict intensified again, and a large-scale conflict broke out in the Gaza Strip during Ramadan. The civil war in Syria and the war in Yemen are still not over, and external countries continue to use the two battlefields for game wars … At the same time, Iraq hosted a conference on cooperation and partnership in Baghdad, showing "Middle East reconciliation"; At the end of the year, when the negotiations between Iran and other interested parties on returning to the Iranian nuclear deal were deadlocked, Tanon, the national security adviser of the United Arab Emirates, made a rare visit to Iran, and the Israeli Prime Minister officially visited the United Arab Emirates for the first time in 73 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China. A new round of strategic reshuffle in the Middle East seems to be brewing.

History is unfinished, what will happen in 2022?

Mark Twain famously said, "History will not repeat itself, but it must have its rhythm." In 2021, expressions related to "historical lessons" appeared in the memorial node of almost every historical event mentioned above. History will not give mankind a clear and standard blueprint for action, but it will leave many lessons and warnings that countries can freely choose according to their own political reality and ideology. Therefore, the torrent of social development is rolling forward, but it seems that there are often cycles in the process. The "history" of natural development is in a state of "to be continued".

For many western countries, 2021 is a year worthy of reflection. Not only because of the so-called historical "cycle", but also because many countries have the opportunity to start again in 2021, but there are no signs of optimism.

In January this year, after the presidential election dispute and the "riots on Capitol Hill", US President Biden was sworn in with a sense of urgency of "calling for unity". One year later, the partisan struggle still plays the "leading role" in American politics, hindering the legislation on epidemic relief, infrastructure construction, social welfare bill, government debt ceiling and other aspects of American economy and people’s livelihood.

Also in January this year, Britain officially "Brexit" and left the European single market and customs union. The 11-month transition period will come to an end on December 31 this year, and the cumbersome examination and approval procedures and customs inspection procedures for British-European trade are still impacting many enterprises. David fuster, Britain’s Brexit Minister, who is the soul of coordinating Brexit affairs with the EU on behalf of Prime Minister Johnson, recently confirmed his resignation because of his dissatisfaction with the Johnson administration. Johnson, the prime minister who came to power because of "Brexit", is currently experiencing the biggest ruling crisis since he took office because of his ineffective response to the COVID-19 epidemic and private scandals.

Therefore, the trend of "East Rising and West Falling" was mentioned again at the end of the year. When the process of globalization is progressing in twists and turns, China put forward a global development initiative for the first time-insisting on development priority, people-centered, inclusive, innovation-driven, harmonious coexistence between man and nature and action-oriented, calling on all parties to jointly promote global development to a new stage of balance, coordination and tolerance. The recently released Yellow Book on the International Situation: Global Politics and Security Report (2022) points out that the international situation continues to rise in the east and fall in the west, and China’s ability and willingness to effectively cope with the game between big countries and participate in global governance continue to increase.

What kind of 2022 should the world expect?

On December 28th, UN Secretary-General Guterres said in his New Year speech in 2022 that people should devote themselves to making 2022 a "year of recovery". He said that the moment facing great difficulties is also a moment full of great opportunities. Grasping this opportunity means solidarity and mutual assistance, helping each other in the same boat, supporting solutions that can benefit everyone together, and moving forward hand in hand with full hope for the outstanding ability of the human family. Therefore, the spirit of dialogue, compromise and reconciliation needs to be revived.

Coming from history, an uncertain trust and hope is indispensable in the choice.

Beijing, December 29th

Zhongqingbao Zhongqingwang reporter Ma Ziqian Source: China Youth Daily

How does Marxism understand "culture"

新时代以来,文化的作用愈发关键,文化的地位日益凸显,文化建设的任务也愈加光荣和迫切。全国宣传思想文化工作会议正式提出并系统阐述了习近平文化思想,在党的宣传思想文化事业发展史上具有里程碑意义。那么,马克思主义如何理解“文化”呢?

从文化生成看,文化具有历史性与阶级性。文化具有广义和狭义之分,广义的文化是人类创造的包括物质、精神等在内的一切文明成果,狭义的文化则特指精神文化。无论广义狭义,文化都与人息息相关,是人特有的存在方式,是人区别于动物的重要标志。那么,文化是如何形成的呢?马克思主义认为,文化作为上层建筑,最终由生产方式决定。马克思指出,“生产关系的总和构成社会的经济结构,即有法律的和政治的上层建筑竖立其上并有一定的社会意识形式与之相适应的现实基础。物质生活的生产方式制约着整个社会生活、政治生活和精神生活的过程”。而人类的生产方式会随着生产力的发展不断更迭,“手推磨产生的是封建主的社会,蒸汽磨产生的是工业资本家的社会”,生产方式的变革最终会引起人类文化的变迁,从而使文化具有历史性。另外,文化的形成需要经过长时间的积累,它是历史积淀下来的被群体所共同遵循或认可的共同的行为模式。

Culture also has class nature. Marx pointed out that "a class is the dominant material force in society, but also the dominant spiritual force in society", and "the dominant thought is only the conceptual expression of the dominant material relationship, but the dominant material relationship in the form of thought". Culture is produced by people, and people are not an abstract concept. They are always in a certain social relationship and behave as class people. Cultural forms such as legal and political thoughts, morality, literature and art, philosophy and religion created by people directly or indirectly reflect class interests, feelings and thoughts. Even though individuals can transcend class interests to some extent, even transcend time and space restrictions and create cultural works with lasting value, human culture, as a product of society, is always branded with class more or less. Lenin attached great importance to the class attribute of culture. In About Proletarian Culture, he proposed that proletarian culture and bourgeois culture are two different cultures. The proletariat cannot be separated from the foundation of traditional culture, including bourgeois culture, but it is by no means a simple inheritance and total acceptance. It needs to be transformed and innovated by Marxism, and the cultural principles of the proletariat must be implemented in it, so as to establish a real proletarian culture.

From the perspective of cultural form, culture has nationality and diversity. As a historically condensed and stable way of life, culture focuses on people’s values, attitudes towards life, behavior habits and psychological state. At first, human culture was formed by ethnic groups. Because of the different natural environments such as geography, resources and climate, there are obvious differences in people’s attitudes and lifestyles. On this basis, all ethnic groups form their own culture with their own styles and characteristics. When Mao Zedong explained the culture of new democracy in On New Democracy, he pointed out: "It belongs to our nation and has the characteristics of our nation", and "China culture should have its own form, which is the national form". Culture contains different ideological wisdom, value pursuit and aesthetic taste of all ethnic groups, which has become a unique symbol that distinguishes one nation from another.

With the change from history to world history, exchanges and mutual learning between different cultures have become increasingly frequent, and the cosmopolitan characteristics of culture have become more and more distinct. As Marx said in the communist party Declaration, "As a result of opening up the world market, the production and consumption of all countries have become cosmopolitan … The same is true for material production and spiritual production. The spiritual products of all ethnic groups have become public property. One-sidedness and limitations of the nation are becoming increasingly impossible, so many kinds of national and local literature have formed a kind of world literature. " However, the cosmopolitanism of culture does not mean that the whole human being forms a uniform culture, nor does it dispel the nationality, but the unity of diversity based on the nationality. The more national a culture is, the more cosmopolitan it is.

From the perspective of cultural function, culture has independence and reaction. On the one hand, Marx insisted on the materialistic view that "social existence determines social consciousness", on the other hand, he also saw the relative independence of culture and its reaction to the economic base. Marx pointed out in "The 18th Fog Moon in louis bonaparte" that "people create their own history, but they don’t create it at will, not under the conditions of their own choice, but under the conditions of direct encounter, established and inherited from the past. The traditions of all the dead ancestors haunt the minds of the living like nightmares, and cultural traditions are one of the important influencing factors. As a long-term accumulation of history, culture is extremely stable once it is formed. This stability is reflected in people’s beliefs, value pursuits, moral concepts, etc., and they will not change easily with the changes of external environment; As far as groups are concerned, a certain cultural pattern will dominate the development of a nation for hundreds or even thousands of years. Even if dynasties change and times change, the way of thinking and behavior habits formed in a certain cultural pattern will still play a lasting role.

As a superstructure, culture also has a dynamic reaction. Advanced, revolutionary and scientific culture plays a positive role in promoting social development, while backward, reactionary and unscientific culture hinders social development. Marx pointed out in the Economic Manuscripts of 1857-1858 that "the disintegration of a certain ideological form is enough to make the whole era fall", and Engels also wrote in his letter to Joseph Bloch that "the economic situation is the foundation, but it has an impact on the process of historical struggle and in many cases mainly determines the form of this struggle, as well as various factors of the superstructure". In today’s world, culture, as a soft power, plays an increasingly important role in the competition of comprehensive national strength, while cultural self-confidence is a "more basic, deeper and more lasting force". This is the concentrated expression of cultural reaction.

The cultural concept of Marxism is rich in connotation and profound in meaning. Only by deeply understanding Marxist cultural concept can we scientifically grasp the characteristics and laws of cultural development, which will help us to do a good job in combining the basic principles of Marxism with Chinese excellent traditional culture and truly undertake the new cultural mission in the new era.