Guangming Daily reporter Marseille
The "2023 China-Europe Seminar on Human Rights" co-sponsored by the China Society for Human Rights Studies and the Law School of the University of Rome, Italy, was successfully held in Rome, Italy, on September 20th. This seminar focuses on "Modernization and Diversity of Human Rights Civilization". More than 130 experts and scholars in the field of human rights, government officials, diplomatic envoys, representatives of political parties and social organizations from China, Italy, the United States, Britain, Germany, Switzerland, Austria and other countries combined online and offline around topics such as the exchange and mutual learning of civilizations and the development of modern human rights concepts, the free and all-round development of modernization and human beings, the sustainable development in the process of modernization and the evolution of human rights civilization in the digital age.
The guests from all over the world spoke highly of China’s great achievements in human rights, fully affirmed China’s important contribution to the development and progress of human rights in the world, and opposed the politicization and instrumentalization of human rights issues by a few countries. In his speech, Diliberto, former Italian Minister of Justice and Dean of the Law School of the University of Rome, stressed that different civilizations should actively build bridges of communication instead of walls, and hoped that Europe and China would seek common cooperation goals in the spirit of seeking common ground while reserving differences.
Chinese modernization creates a new road for human rights development.
Chinese-style modernization is to fully respect and protect human rights, adhere to the people-centered development concept, take the realization of people’s longing for a better life as the starting point and the end result, and finally realize people’s free and all-round development.
In his speech, Padma Choling, Vice Chairman of the 13th the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) and President of the China Human Rights Research Association, pointed out that in the process of promoting Chinese modernization, the Communist Party of China (CPC) led the people out of a road of human rights development that conforms to the trend of the times and is suitable for China’s national conditions, and has made fruitful achievements. All countries should promote the positive development of global human rights governance through unity and cooperation, promote the free and all-round development of all people in the process of modernization, and jointly seek solutions to the problems and challenges existing in the current international human rights field.
Jia Guide, China’s ambassador to Italy, said that the governments of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and China have always adhered to the people-centered concept of human rights, combined the principle of universality of human rights with China’s concrete reality, adhered to the basic human rights with the right to subsistence and development as the first priority, coordinated and guaranteed citizens’ political, economic and social rights, led the people of China out of a human rights development path in line with China’s national conditions, and made a series of remarkable achievements in the modernization and diversity of human rights development.
Marceli, former director of the Institute of International Law of the Italian National Institute, said in an interview that human rights are the key to the common future of mankind, and it is very important to have a human rights dialogue between Europe and China. He lamented that China has made great achievements in economic development in recent years, which has lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and greatly improved people’s living standards. The people of China have a strong sense of happiness and a sense of national politics. Marceli believes that every country has its own particularity and needs to find its own way to promote human rights. The successful experience of Chinese modernization is worth studying and learning from.
Civilized exchanges and mutual learning enrich the diversity of human rights and civilizations
The world is colorful, and diversity is the charm of human civilization. Implementing the global civilization initiative and strengthening exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations provide new ideas for enriching and developing the diversity of human rights civilization and promoting the improvement of global human rights governance.
Lord Dai Weixun, a member of the House of Lords of the British Labour Party Parliament, believes that mutual learning enables human society to develop and prosper, and mutual respect is a necessary condition for the development of human rights. Every country has its own history, culture, system, tradition, lifestyle and philosophy, and the policies that apply to one country may not apply to another. Respect and understanding of the diversity of human experience is an indispensable foundation for the development of modern human rights philosophy.
Campbell, Chairman of the Academic Committee of the Czech Left-wing Institute, firmly believes that communication and dialogue should be used to enhance the mutual understanding of human rights views between the East and the West. He believes that the concept of human rights is the product of historical development. Under different historical development stages and cultural backgrounds, the East and the West have different understandings and practices on the concept of human rights. It cannot be considered that the human rights standards and models of some countries are only correct, nor should all countries be required to abide by the same standards.
Su Faxiang, a researcher at the Human Rights Research Center of Minzu University of China, believes that the human rights concept of mutual respect, mutual trust, mutual appreciation and mutual learning formed on the basis of China’s traditional culture has important enlightenment and reference significance for the development of human rights in China and the world today. It is on the basis of fully absorbing these traditional wisdom and following the universal principles of international human rights development, and combining with its own reality, the China government has continuously promoted and promoted the development of human rights in China and even in the world, and has made remarkable achievements.
Many participating experts also discussed issues such as digital human rights governance model and digital development right, and emphasized the importance of human rights protection in the digital age. Francisco, adviser to the President of the Portuguese International Human Rights Observatory, reminded that human rights violations by digital means are more common than people think. The international community urgently needs to strengthen legal norms in the digital field and make the Internet a tool to achieve freedom, equality and social justice.
Community of Shared Future for Mankind concept promotes the development of human rights in the world.
It is the universal pursuit of all mankind that everyone enjoys human rights. For a long time, China has actively carried out human rights dialogue and cooperation, selflessly shared the development experience of human rights, promoted the introduction of important concepts such as building Community of Shared Future for Mankind, promoting human rights through development, and promoting win-win cooperation in the field of human rights into the international human rights system, and contributed China wisdom and China plan to the development of human rights in the world.
Wang Lifeng, executive director of the China Human Rights Research Association and deputy director of the Human Rights Research Center of the Central Party School, said in his speech that Community of Shared Future for Mankind is not only a community of values that pursues universal human rights, but also a community of interests that resolves conflicts of interest and pursues common interests. People of all countries should uphold the concept of "one country under the sun" and jointly promote the construction of Community of Shared Future for Mankind.
Li Xiade, Austrian dean of the Confucius Institute at Vienna University in Austria and a famous sinologist, pointed out that today’s human civilization is facing multiple risk challenges such as climate change and ecological environment degradation, and human beings should devote themselves to building a "global community with a common future". In his view, the sustainable development of mankind in the future can not be separated from the "global responsibility" based on sincere and in-depth international cooperation, and can not only pay attention to individual rights.
According to Walker, an academician of the Royal Academy of Social Sciences and a member of the Academic Committee of Social Sciences of the European Union, China’s ideas on development and global governance are consistent with the goals and objectives of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. China is aware that the fruits of development should benefit every country and individual more directly and fairly, and calls for more inclusive global governance, more effective multilateral mechanisms and more active regional cooperation to promote the construction of Community of Shared Future for Mankind and put forward global development initiatives. This initiative has been widely responded by the international community, which is conducive to promoting global sustainable development, promoting the well-being and human rights of people of all countries, and building a fairer and more prosperous world.
(Guangming Daily, Rome, September 20th)
Guangming Daily (14th edition, September 21st, 2023)
Source: Guangming Net-Guangming Daily