In recent days, the network operation center of Qinhuangdao Branch of China Post Group Company, located in Lingang Logistics Park, Haigang District, Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, has been doing a good job in epidemic prevention and control, and at the same time, it has seized the time to sort express parcels to ensure smooth logistics and transportation.
Photo by Cao Jianxiong (People’s Vision)
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, the production and operation of logistics enterprises have been greatly affected, and the social logistics cost has risen in stages. In view of these problems, Gao Gao, Deputy Secretary-General of the National Development and Reform Commission, pointed out at the press conference held by the the State Council Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism on March 6 that at present, the key point is to solve the obstacles and operating cost pressure faced by logistics enterprises and support the logistics industry to resume normal operation as soon as possible; In the future, efforts should be made to promote the construction of a safe and efficient logistics operation system and further enhance the ability of the logistics industry to cope with external shocks and serve the national economy.
The return to work rate of logistics enterprises exceeds 60%
The logistics industry plays an important supporting role in coordinating the prevention and control of epidemic situation and economic and social development. What is the situation of returning to work?
Gao Gao introduced that at present, there are about 400,000 logistics-related legal entities in China, with more than 50 million employees. By the end of February, the proportion of logistics enterprises in China has exceeded 60%, the road freight market has continued to pick up, the vehicle operating rate has been restored to 70%, and the rate of returning to work in logistics parks is close to 90%, especially for a number of national logistics hubs and demonstration logistics parks.
Regarding the express delivery that people are concerned about, Liu Jun, deputy director of the State Post Bureau, said that after the outbreak, the State Post Bureau organized and mobilized the postal express delivery industry to fully guarantee the transportation and delivery of epidemic prevention materials and the distribution of daily necessities, and to distinguish enterprises from orderly resumption of work and production, speed up the smooth economic cycle, and strive to meet the needs of people’s livelihood. At present, there are nearly 3 million people who have returned to work in the postal express delivery industry, with a return rate of 90.2%, handling more than 160 million pieces of express mail every day, and a recovery rate of over 80%.
"Judging from what we have learned in the past few days, the situation of resuming work and production continues to improve. Logistics related to daily necessities, such as express delivery, has a relatively fast recovery speed, and the rate of returning to work and the yield are relatively high. Relatively speaking, productive logistics is extensive and involves the coordination and linkage of different industries and different upstream and downstream, and the recovery situation is weaker than that of life logistics. " Gao Wei said.
Get through the blocking point of agricultural products entering the city
The overall situation is improving, but problems such as the failure to return to work and the ineffective guarantee of the timeliness of mail express still exist. Liu Jun pointed out that postal express delivery enterprises belong to network enterprises. Due to the epidemic control policy, the production capacity recovery area is not balanced enough. Distribution centers, municipal processing sites and terminal business outlets in some areas such as Hubei have not resumed normal operations, which has a direct impact on the smooth operation of the whole network.
"During the epidemic, some communities and rural areas were under strict control, and the courier brother could not deliver normally. Especially now, the utilization rate of smart express boxes is less than 50%, which directly affects the delivery efficiency." Liu Jun said that at the same time, the production capacity of upstream SMEs of some e-commerce companies has recovered unevenly. Some consumers have placed orders, but they cannot generate packages in time, which also has some impact on the whole time limit.
Liu Jun said that in order to ensure the quality of service, the State Post Bureau requires delivery enterprises to effectively guarantee the production capacity of personnel, transportation capacity and equipment, strengthen the management and scheduling of reasonable time limit for express mail, and give priority to dealing with the backlog and problems caused by the epidemic. In the next step, it is necessary to keep the "green channel" for the transportation and delivery of epidemic prevention materials unimpeded, and timely and efficiently distribute the needed materials for the front line of epidemic prevention and control. At the same time, it is necessary to give priority to the distribution of basic living materials for residents in closed management areas, concentrate on the delivery service of agricultural and sideline products into cities, and help solve the problem of unsalable agricultural products. "Now the epidemic situation has a greater impact on agricultural products entering the city. Recently, our focus has been on getting through the blocking points in this area and smoothing the circulation channels."
"We will continue to promote the resumption of work in the express delivery industry in stages and continuously improve the production capacity according to market demand." Liu Jun said that it is preliminarily predicted that by mid-March, except Hubei, the whole network will basically return to normal.
Increase fiscal, taxation and financial support
"This epidemic has had a great impact on the logistics industry. Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission, together with relevant parties, aimed at the outstanding problems that restrict the resumption of production and long-term development of the logistics industry, in accordance with ‘ Combination of distance and overall consideration ’ The principle of putting forward a series of policy measures. " Gao Wei said.
The intensity of tax reduction and fee reduction has increased in stages. Within a certain period of time, we will continue to implement the policy of halving the urban land use tax for bulk commodity storage land that expired at the end of last year. From March 1 to June 30, the port construction fee for import and export goods will be exempted, and the government-set charges such as port charges and port facility security fees will be reduced by 20%, and the compulsory emergency response services and charges for non-tanker cargo ships will be cancelled. Before the end of June, the railway insured price, the delayed use of containers, the detention of trucks and other fees will be halved. Transportation and logistics enterprises that perform emergency transportation tasks during the epidemic prevention and control period belong to the government’s purchase of public services, and governments at all levels should give compensation.
In terms of financial support, Gao Gao introduced that the national list of key enterprises for epidemic prevention and control is being published in a rolling way, and several groups of key logistics enterprises have been recommended to be included in this list, and financial institutions can provide them with preferential interest rate loans by using special refinancing. At the same time, ease the financial pressure of small and micro logistics enterprises with a wide range and a large quantity, and encourage financial institutions to temporarily postpone the repayment of principal and interest on their loans, especially not to borrow, keep lending and keep lending.
"Policy measures also involve accelerating the improvement of the emergency logistics system, deepening the adjustment of cargo transportation structure, and improving the level of modern supply chain." Gao Gao said that the National Development and Reform Commission will work with relevant departments and localities to implement relevant policies, support and guide logistics enterprises to resume work and production in an orderly manner, increase dynamic monitoring of the operation of the logistics industry, promote the transformation and upgrading of the logistics industry, improve quality and efficiency, and provide a strong guarantee for the sustained and healthy development of the national economy.